• Julia


Try to understand with science

 "OUR FACES ARE CAPABLE OF LYING, but the neck always tells the truth, the writer and director Nora Ephron wrote in her book "I Feel Bad About My Neck: And Other Thoughts On Being A Woman." While most of us are used to care about the face thoughtfully and consistently, the neck remains a "gray area". We are trying to understand whether neck needs something special to do for it.

How the neck works

When talking about the neck, cosmetologists usually mean the part of the body up to the middle of the chest — it is called the "decollete zone". There are usually little subcutaneous fat (which means that sagging tissue can quickly become noticeable), there are sun rays and aggressive means for washing. At the same time, we often forget to moisturize these skin areas and protect them from the sun — so the age spots or small wrinkles may appear there earlier than on the face.

The neck is controlled by the platysma — a thin muscular plate that is attached to the lower jaw and can reach the middle of the cheeks, and ends near the clavicle. The tension of this muscle can be very noticeable when mimicking or talking, and if it is hypertonic, then vertical cords are visible on the neck. Platysma can even pull the face skin down.

There may also be transverse folds on the neck — the so-called rings of Venus. This anatomical feature may be from childhood, or it may appear with age if the head is often tilted forward, for example, due to sleeping on too high pillow or constant smartphone using. The latter is not the most useful habit at all, because of this pose, the muscles of the neck and shoulders may ache, and tension headaches may occur. For the neck condition caused by sitting in the phone a   special term has appeared - text neck

What is important in the neck care

From the health point, it is most important not to create an excessive load on the vertebrae and muscles, protect the skin from sunlight and consult a doctor if you notice something suspicious: in the neck, among other things, there are trachea, esophagus, thyroid, large vessels and lymph nodes. To relieve the muscles and prevent the appearance of horizontal wrinkles, you can do exercises, the main of which is to live with your head held high. Literally: hold your phone or tablet at eye level so that your neck doesn't strain too much.

neck skin care should be the same as the face one: clean, moisturize, and most importantly — protect from the sun. Even if photo-aging doesn't bother you, the risk of melanoma and other skin cancers is best to minimize.

What cosmetics to choose

The good news is that the serums and creams you apply to your face are quite suitable for the neck skin. British dermatologist Anjali Mato claims that "despite the abundance of neck creams on the market, there is no special ingredient that can do miracle with this area. The best option is to invest in good quality facial products and use them for the neck too." She explains that the active ingredients that the face needs will also be useful for the neck: ANA acids for exfoliation, hyaluronic acid for hydration, peptides and growth factors for stimulating collagen production, retinoids for preventing wrinkles, as well as antioxidants — vitamins C and E, ferulic acid, resveratrol.

There is another opinion. For example, the American dermatologist Gary Goldfaden believes that the neck, as well as the area around the eyes, need separate products; he proves it with strong skin differences in different places (although he does not specify what exactly such radical differences are). His colleague Sarah Waterman notes that, as with thin skin around the eyes, you only need to be careful in terms of active ingredients. If you want to start using acids or retinoids on the neck skin, it is better to start with low concentrations and do not apply them every day. Special care may be required for those who use thick decorative cosmetics on the neck — for example, covers a tattoo or pigment spot; in this case, you can use products for persistent makeup removing, and intensive hydration or nutrition.

What can a cosmetologist do?

The cheapest and most affordable solution in the neck skin case is, as always, just to accept age-related changes. But if you are upset with wrinkles or pigmentation, you can try hardware or injection cosmetology. When flabby, thin skin the injections of moisturizing drugs and stimulators of collagen production are used, and hypertonus platysma is removed by botulinum toxin injections. Non-aggressive laser treatments smooth the tone and texture of skin and also stimulates the collagenogenesis. To remove sagging skin of the neck and chin, ultrasonic lifting is used (it is also sometimes called hardware SMAS-lifting). If the excess skin is noticable (for example, after losing weight by several kilograms), only serious interventions such as ablation laser and surgical lift work.

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