Extended and false: What you need to know about artificial nails
How to extend the nail plate and choose a design.
In 2020, we can safely say that manicure can be very different or it can even be absent. Gone the days when false or extended nails was considered as "bad manners". Today, long nail design has become a way to express yourself, and nail artists who turn nails into art works become the social network stars. We tell you what you need to know about a luxury manicure.
When did manicures started
Nail care and painting in different colours began in ancient times — this procedure was not neglected by either women or men. In India, long before our era, nails were painted with henna. On the territory of former Babylon, nails were decorated with Kajal (aka Kohl, sometimes antimony) — a soft dye, which was also used as eyeliner. The first manicure set made of gold was also found there. And in Ancient Egypt, the main visionaries in the field of manicure were Queens Nefertiti and Cleopatra — they also used henna to paint their nails in bright red shades.
In China, there was a fashion for long pointed nails — they could be painted red or even black.
Nevertheless, nail care has recently become a mass habit — only at the end of the XIX century the first nail salon appeared in the United States. Short, round and unpainted nails became fashionable in the XX century, — they were considered more "well-groomed" and symbolized an idle lifestyle. Experiments with shapes and shades began after 1932, when the Revlon brand appeared on the cosmetics market with its bright red nail Polish. This gave rise to mass production of the product.
Suddenly it is turned out that a Crescent form manicure become fashionable, it when the nail is painted in the middle, and the tip and base remain transparent. Later, in the 40s, it was replaced by a classic manicure with almond-shaped nails, painted in a still-current red color. Even then, women wore long nails regardless their occupation. But the trendsetters, of course, have always been actresses and singers: shooting in movies, performing on stage, photo shoots — in all cases, they sought to look fashionable literally to the tips of their fingers. On the Internet, you can find many collections with favourite manicure of fashion icons like Diana Ross, Connie Francis, Lucille ball, Rita Hayworth, Donna summer, Cher, Barbra Streisand and many others.
In 2018, by the way, Streisand said that she never wore artificial nails. She first tried to grow her own long nails in her youth as a protest: the girl's mother wanted her to become a typesetter. And when Streisand was learning to play the guitar, she only cut her fingernails on one hand. Still, not everyone wore long nails: representatives of various subcultures like punks and hippies, housewives, athletes, and others who were simply uncomfortable with it, chose a short length. Although there are also precedents: for example, in the 80's, three-time Olympic champion, track and field athlete Florence Griffith-Joyner wore hyper-long nails even in the sports arena.
The long nail fashion persisted in the music industry.
In the 90s and noughties, the trendsetters were Lil ' Kim (who once impressed everyone with nails with nail artist Bernadette Thompson bill drawings), Missy Elliott, Jessica Simpson and Jennifer Lopez (the latter, by the way, wore French manicures). And although the fashion community for a long time did not recognize artificial nails, in the 2010s, the trend returned thanks to universally loved artists: Rihanna, Cardi B, the Kardashian-Jenner sisters, J Lo, Billie Eilish, Lizzo and many others. We can't help but mention the merit of Instagram, whose audience values showy — there you can demonstrate nail art in all its glory.
How to make long nails
Perhaps the longest way is to grow your natural length. But, unfortunately, due to the features of the nail plate, this may not work for everyone. And if time does not wait, you can make artificial nails in just one day or a few minutes in the salon or at home. For example, using self-adhesive options that do not require additional tools. They are produced in different sizes and colors — from classic French manicure to incredible drawings with a holographic effect. In addition, they are easy to take with you and change when you want. In stores and cosmetics departments (for example, on ASOS, Amazon and H&M), you can find cheap options for ten, twenty or more plates.
False nails are perfect for shooting: they are glued to natural or gel-coated nails for a few hours, and then easily removed. This is also convenient for going to an event when you want to complement the image with a bright manicure. However, false nails are not suitable for permanent wear — they will come off in the shower or when you touch them.
A more complex option is nails that are extended with acrylic, gel, polygel, or tips. Usually, the master chooses the most convenient way to extend it, or according to the selected design. The clients decide what they want to see on their nails, and the master selects the material and technique.
According to nail masters tips which is thin plates, make it easy to extend nails: in this case, the long plate is simply glued to the nail, adjusted and one of the materials like gel and acrylic is applied to it. There is also modeling, when a paper material is inserted under the nail tip, on which the master creates any desired shape and length with one of the compositions (gel, acrylic or a mixture of them called polygel). And at home or in the salon, you can make extensions using the so-called upper forms, when a soft plate is attached on top of the nail, filled with a polygon. Their difference is that they are reusable: after solidification, the forms are easily removed, leaving no traces and without losing their properties.
What is fashionable today
Today, nails can be given a variety of shapes: square, oval, semi-circular, almond-shaped, pointed, and even in the form of a lipstick tube, when the tip of the nail is cut diagonally. And it is not so easy to identify one or more trends — they change regularly. Thanks to the size and length of artificial nails, there is a place to roam: you can glue rhinestones on them (look for special ones for manicure), make small hole and hang rings, draw any drawing (for example, in the form of brand logos, favourite characters and flames) or just cover them with glitter. There are also quite experimental options: here the nails are made as if from glass, and here — as if covered with snow.
We have already talked about nail art masters who use all sorts of applications made of fur, tiny flowers, figurines, crystals, pearls — everything that will fit on the nail. We advise you to follow the star manicure masters like Bernadette Thompson and Tom Bachik.
How to care
All nail manipulations have consequences. I would not say that the extendation is harmful, but the nails later show that they have undergone such a procedure. If you do it with professionals, the harm is minimal. When you extend your nails in beige or transparent colour, you can then paint them with ordinary nail polish, and more than once. You will need to correct your nails in two, three or four weeks, it depends on each case.
Extended nails do not need special care. The most important thing is not to wear the coating for too long: just for two to three weeks. And the withdrawal should only be done by a specialist.